• Checkout
  • Cart 0

Metal: Care and Glossary

Our collection includes exclusive designs executed in quality metalwork, from classic to contemporary.


We design most of our metal furnishings and accents with low-carbon steel that is hand-forged, welded or cast. When appropriate, we may occasionally use handwrought iron.


The finishes we apply to our metal furnishings do double duty. They enhance the look of the design and protect the metal from unwanted oxidation.

Care Instructions

Dust regularly with a soft, dry cloth. Do not use harsh chemicals or abrasive cleaners, as they can damage the finish. Iron or steel frames will rust if the finish is scratched or if your furniture is exposed to excessive humidity, particularly in salt-water locations.

Recycled Materials

Our collection includes exclusive designs that feature recycled materials, including Gerflor®, a manmade material that is resistant to heat, liquid and abrasion. It is extremely durable and easy to clean.


Aluminum - A durable yet lightweight metal that is very malleable and easily shaped. It is naturally resistant to oxidation and will not rust.

Casting - Forming metal into shapes by melting and moulding.

Cold-Rolled Steel - Steel that is processed while cold, giving it an oxidized, weathered look. This type of steel is treated with a protective finish to prevent rust.

Copper - A reddish-brown metal that is easily shaped, manipulated and hammered. Copper can be maintained with cleaning products or can be left to naturally oxidize to a vibrant green color.

Extruded Steel - Round, rectangular, or L- or T-shaped lengths created by mechanically extruding, or squeezing, hot metal through a die.

Galvanized Iron - Iron that is treated with zinc to prevent corrosion.

Galvanized Steel - Steel that is treated with zinc to prevent corrosion. This type of steel is particularly suited for use in outdoor furniture.

Hand Forging - Shaping metal by hand using heat and hammering techniques.

Hot-Rolled Steel - Steel that is processed while hot, making it easy to create different thicknesses. Although this type of steel is less susceptible to rust, it is usually treated with a protective finish to prevent rust.

Millscale Steel - Steel that has a protective coating of metallic dust, a by-product of the steel rolling process. This type of coating protects against rust.

Sandcasting - The process of pouring molten metal into a sand mold for a distressed, textured surface.

Stainless Steel - An iron-based alloy with a minimum of 10% chromium content. Stainless steel will not stain, corrode or rust. It often has a brushed or polished finish.

Tubular Steel - Steel in a circular or rectangular tube form.

Welding - Joining pieces of metal together by hand using heat and molten materials.

Wrought Iron - A pure form of iron that is tough yet easily "wrought," or "worked," by hand into a welded design.

Back to Top


Chrome-Plated Finish - A thin layer of chrome that is applied by electroplating onto a steel surface. The result is a brighter, mirror-like finish.

Oil - Basic finish that retards rust and adds depth and color to the metal; must be re-applied.

Oxidation - A rusted finish achieved either through the use of chemicals or exposure to the elements; finish is typically sealed when the desired color is achieved to prevent further change.

Patina - The sheen on any surface produced by age and use.

Polyurethane - A clear, synthetic coating brushed or sprayed on to seal and protect the look of natural metal or to serve as a protective topcoat for more delicate finishes.

Powdercoat - Extremely durable electrostatic finish achieved by coating metal furniture with electrically charged paint powder that is then baked and fused to the metal surface. The result is smooth, even and durable.

Back to Top

Back to Top