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Rugs: Care and Glossary

The lifetime of your rug depends upon its use and your attention to its care and maintenance. Following these guidelines will help you maintain the beauty and prolong the life of your rug.

Care Information

  • Wool
  • Natural Fiber
  • Cotton
  • Synthetic
  • Rug Pads


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Wool Rugs

Naturally stain resistant, wool is a practical investment. Its natural oils prevent dirt from adhering to the yarn. Wool rugs are crafted in the following ways:

Hand-knotted - In a technique that has been handed down from generation to generation, yarn is wrapped and then knotted around each warp thread. Each yarn is then hand-cut and hand-tamped to form a tightly constructed pile. This time and attention to detail by expert craftsmen creates a beautiful rug that has a lasting value and presence.

Handloomed - A variety of looks and textures from luxurious shag rugs to versatile cotton rag rugs are achieved with the use of a loom. A combination of colors and yarn thicknesses are intricately handwoven to create contemporary or traditional designs. Each step of construction is hand-finished by skilled artisans.

Hand-tufted - With the aid of a tufting tool, yarn is passed through a frame-stretched fabric backing on which a pattern has been drawn. Both cut or looped piles are achieved through this process. Tufted rugs are backed with latex for stability, then with fabric for a finished look. Skilled tradesmen complete each stage of the process.

Machine-loomed - An efficient machine-made way to loom a variety of textures at a value. Power-loomed rugs are usually synthetic or fiber and can include cut piles, rib patterns and bouclé weaves.


Wool is a good choice for adding color, softness and warmth to a room. Because wool is a durable fiber that springs back, it is also a practical choice for high-traffic areas.

Use of a rug pad is recommended.


Vacuum regularly. Blot spills immediately with a clean, absorbent white cloth.

Wool rugs should not be saturated with cleaning solvents or scrubbed excessively. Natural detergents or dry extraction powders should be used. For best results, periodic professional cleaning is recommended.

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Natural Fiber Rugs

The sisal fiber, sourced from the leaf of the sisal plant, is the longest and smoothest of all natural fibers. The resulting rug is tightly woven, with fewer slubs and a smoother surface than other types of natural fiber rugs. The addition of a cotton or linen tape border adds a decorative finished edge. Latex backing offers cushioning and stability and extends the life of the rug.


Sisal is very durable, producing a rug that is good for high-traffic areas. Consider a darker color if the rug will be placed near an outside entrance or dining area.

Caution: due to the absorbent nature of sisal, these rugs should be used indoors only. In some humid conditions the rugs may expand forming a ripple. The rug will regain its shape with a reduction in humidity.

Use of a rug pad is recommended.


Vacuum regularly. Blot spills immediately with a clean, absorbent white cloth.

Because sisal is inherently very absorbent, water or liquid cleaning solvents should not be used. Instead we recommend a dry extraction powder. For best results, professional dry extraction cleaning is recommended.

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Cotton Rugs

Easy-care cotton rugs offer a quick, inexpensive way to change the look of any room. In an entryway, by a kitchen sink, on a bathroom floor, in the den. They’re so much fun, we introduce new patterns and colors with every season.


Our soft cotton rugs are handwoven on traditional looms in a variety of flatweave styles, from stripes to solids. Most styles are finished with clean edges, but for added visual interest, some styles feature fringe at the borders.


Most smaller-sized cotton rugs are machine-washable. Larger sizes can be washed in industrial-sized washers or dry-cleaned. Avoid placing cotton rugs in direct sunlight to prevent fading over time. A rug pad is recommended for all cotton rugs. If the intended use is over carpeting, our EasyHold Rug Pad or Multi-Purpose Rug Pad is recommended.

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Synthetic Rugs

Machine woven, synthetic fiber rugs are durable and color fast. They resist wear and stains and mimic the look of natural fiber rugs at a great price. Edges are serged in matching yarn for a finished look. Latex backing offers cushioning and stability, and extends the life of the rug.


Synthetic fiber rugs work well in any room by adding color and warmth. Usually more affordable, they are a smart choice if you like to redecorate frequently.

Use of a rug pad is recommended.


Vacuum regularly. Blot spills immediately with a clean, absorbent white cloth.

Spot clean or shampoo with a mild detergent. For best results, periodic professional cleaning is recommended.

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Rug Pads

Given that rugs wear primarily from the back first, the use of a non-slip rug pad is recommended to lengthen the life of your rug. A rug pad will also provide stability, as well as cushioning. We recommend the use of an underlay with all rugs.

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Aniline Leather - Leather that has been colored with non-toxic, transparent aniline dyes that leave the natural signatures of the leather visible.

Antiqued Leather - Leather that shows signs of natural wear that has been artificially created.

Bias - A line that cuts diagonally across the grain of fabric.

Brocade - A heavy fabric interwoven with a rich, raised design.

Chenille - Fabric with a fuzzy texture woven of a soft-tufted silk or cotton fiber.

Colorway - The variety of colors offered in a specific fabric family.

Cotton - A fiber derived from the cotton plant that offers a soft texture with medium strength and dyes well.

Dacron - A synthetic fiber used to wrap cushion fill.

Duck - A durable, closely woven heavy cotton or linen fabric that is lighter than canvas.

Dye Lot - Fabric, typically from the same bolt, which has been dyed to the same level and consistency.

Fibers - The materials used in the making of textile yarns or threads that can vary in size, shape, texture and color, and are typically categorized as natural or synthetic.

Grain - The side of a leather hide from which the hair or fur has been removed.

Hopsack - A loosely woven, coarse fabric of cotton or linen.

Jacquard - A fabric with an intricately woven pattern.

Jute - A strong, coarse East Indian fiber used for making mats, paper, cordage, rugs, etc.

Linen - A fabric woven from fibers of the flax plant that offers medium strength and dyes well.

Muslin - A plainly woven cotton fabric with a pure starched or backfilled finish to provide a dull, "clothy" effect.

Mohair - The long, lustrous and strong hair of the Angora goat that is spun into yarns for knitting and fabrics.

Nap - A soft or fuzzy surface on fabric or leather.

Nubuck - Top-grain, aniline-dyed leather that is buffed to create a soft nap.

Nylon - A smooth, strong and durable synthetic fabric that offers the highest resistance to wear.

Poly-Dacron Cushion - A core of polyurethane foam wrapped with a synthetic fiber and encased in ticking; the density of the foam will determine firmness of cushion.

Rayon - A softly textured synthetic fabric with the appearance of silk or wool.

Repeat - The width or height of a pattern on fabric; may be horizontal, vertical or both.

Sisal - The longest and smoothest of all natural plant fibers; often woven into durable rugs.

Silk - A fine, softly lustered fabric made from the silk filaments of the silkworm's cocoon.

Synthetics - Materials made artificially, without natural origin.

Twill - A woven fabric with the appearance of diagonal parallel lines or ribs.

Velvet - A soft fabric of silk, rayon or nylon with a smooth, dense pile and plain underside.

Welt - A tape or covered cord sewn into a seam as reinforcement or trimming.

Wool - Fabric made from the soft, dense fleece of sheep; one of the finest materials for making woven cloth.

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